Submarines were popular in naval battles throughout the World War period. Steam-powered submarines were utilized to fight the famed American Revolution and the War of 1812 between the US and Britain. The first submarines were manually operated and very slow; however, it wasn’t until the first nuclear-powered USS Nautilus was launched in 1955 that the Nautilus was launched. Since then, they have become the most deadly attack vessels that could reach speeds of 25 and 35 knots.
Submarines today are a vital component of any nation’s navy fleet, and they function as nuclear deterrents and are employed for surveillance and patrolling on territorial waters. Below are the ten most potent submarines worldwide, ranked according to their lengths.
1. Typhoon Class Russia/ Project 941 Akula Class
The nuclear giants were constructed by Soviet Russia during the 60s and 70s to combat the US and its allies during the cold war. They were more than the size of three football fields, and they had unique features like saunas, pools, and even golf clubs. Typhoon class submarines were 566 feet long, and 76 m in breadth, and they attained a 38-meter height and displaced more than 48,000 tonnes. They were equipped with 20 massive R-39 “Rif” intercontinental ballistic missiles. The name SS-N-20 Sturgeon is commonly referred to them. These gigantic weapons measured 54 feet wide and eight feet wide. The largest submarines ever constructed were equipped with RSM 52 missiles and an effective magneto hydrostatic drive system that allowed them to launch an effective, silent attack on their adversaries.
They were multi-hull designs and nineteen compartments, each with an additional control room close to the launch equipment for missiles, and designed by the Severodvinsk shipyard to cross the freezing seas of the Arctic. They also had an ice-breaking device, a robust stern fin, and retractable systems. The war machines could sail at speeds of 12 knots and have the capacity to travel at 25 knots underwater. Dmitry Donskoy or TK-208 was the first submarine in the class of typhoons which entered service in the early 80s. The Donskoy is the only submarine still operational because the other five were taken from service. Donskoy is now an experimental laboratory and test ground to test the latest technologies in marine technology and Russian missiles.
2. Borei-Class Russia/ Project 955 Borei
The fourth-generation Borei is the first submarine class built by Russia after the fall of the Soviet Regime. They were intended to replace the older Delta III, IV, and Typhoon class submarines and serve the Russian naval forces. Created in The Rubin Marine Equipment Bureau, they were installed at the Sevmash Shipyard. One of the first ballistic-missile submarines in this class was Yury Dolgoruky, launched in 2008. Eight submarines with various hull designs were built as part of the program.
But, they are less in terms of volume and size than the Typhoon class, as they have a capacity of 24,000 tons and a crew of 107. Borei class submarines measure 170 meters long and 13 meters wide and have a speed of up to 25 knots. An OK-650 nuclear power reactor powers them, and it has an advanced hull that reduces the noise level and the AEU steam turbine. It is interesting to note that these are the first Russian submarines to use pump-jet technology for propulsion. They can carry 16 Bulava-SLBM missiles as well as 6 SS-N-15 missiles.
3. Ohio-Class, United States
The third-largest in the world The third largest in the world, the Ohio class submersibles, were built for the US navy in 1977 between 1977 and 1998. Every Ohio class submarine is fitted with 24 Trident II missiles, around 12,000 kilometers. This means they carry more missile capacity than the Russian Typhoon or Borei classes of submarines and can take a displacement of 18,750 tonnes and four decks. They also have space for 90 crew members, the Lockheed Martin processer, the pressure water reactor, and two turbines.
Each of the 18 submarines is equipped with eight launchers, four 533 millimeter-long torpedo tubes, and an MK118 electronic fire-control system. They’re equipped with more than 50percent of the thermo-nuclear weaponry used by the US. The range of torpedoes is between 50 and fifty kilometers with three thousand feet of depth. These vessels powered by nuclear energy will last for 40 years and are scheduled to be replaced by the new Columbia class at the end of the decade.
4. Delta Class, Russia
Delta Class Delta Class comprises a series of ballistic missile submarines which made up the core of the Russian submarine fleet during the 1970s. It contained four sub-classes: Delta I, II, III, and IV, lengths 167 m and 12.5 meters wide.
Delta I: Delta I submarines carried 12 missiles and could patrol the Norwegian sea as well as in the Barents Sea. They were equipped with the Tobol B and the cyclone-B navigation system to improve their effectiveness. A total of 18 submarines were built under the project name 667B Murena. But, all the vessels of this class were retired in 1998 and then scrapped by 2005.
Delta II: Delta II was a refined version of the submarine class. It was longer by 16 meters and equipped with 16 missiles, and it also could cancel out the noise and four additional missile launchers. The Delta II submarines were decommissioned in 1999.
Delta III: Delta III submarines were double-hulled and could hit multiple targets simultaneously between 7000 and 8000 km. Delta IV submarines built between 1981 and 1993 remain operational and form part of the Russian northern fleet. The decks of the submarines feature an acoustic coating and the D-9RM launch system.
5. Oscar Class Russia/ Project 949 A Antey
Project 949 Antey is part of the Oscar class of cruise missile submarines, which are also part of Project 949 Granit. They currently belong to the Russian northern fleet and are being modernized to prolong their lives. Eleven submarines of this kind were built at Severodvinsk that measured 154m lengthwise and 18 meters breadth wise to accommodate advanced electronic systems and a noise-canceling system. It is more significant in its fin than its predecessors and propellers with seven blades.
They are equipped with a double-hull and an emergency escape capsule that can hold up to 100 persons. The most distinctive aspect of this submarine is the bulge on its top fin. 949A Antey submarines are fitted with 24 SS-N-19 missiles with an endurance of 600 km. They have ten compartments that can be separated from one another in the event of an accident. With a capacity of 24,000 tonnes, these vessels can reach an underwater speed of 30 knots.
Related Article: Top 5 Destroyers In The World
Related Article: Top 5 Aircraft Carriers In The World